Primary Source Translations

Often on this blog, we translate primary sources for 9th-11th century France and its neighbours into English, and it occured to me that it might be useful if I put them all together. So here they are, in chronological order of production:

800, very approximately: an early medieval love letter.

811, beginning of the year: a letter from Charlemagne to Emperor Nicephorus I.

813, beginning of the year: a letter from Charlemagne to Emperor Michael I.

813, November 11th: a letter from Pope Leo II to Charlemagne concerning North Africa.

819, March 7th: a charter of Einhard freeing a slave and making him a Roman citizen.

829: the canons of the Council of Paris about kingship.

847/848?: a letter of Pope Leo IV to the Frankish army promising a heavenly reward to any who die fighting the Saracens.

850, very approximately: the Bavarian Geographer’s description of the cities of eastern Europe.

853, November: the Treaty of Valenciennes between Charles the Bald and Emperor Lothar I.

854, February: the Treaty of Liège between Charles the Bald and Emperor Lothar I.

859, June 14th: Charles the Bald’s accusations of treachery against Archbishop Wanilo of Sens.

860, circa: a mass from Saint-Martin of Tours praying for God’s help against barbarian persecution.

869, April 17th: a charter of  King Salomon of Brittany in favour of the abbey of Plélan.

877: Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims’ Ordo to crown King Louis the Stammerer. 

877, January 6th: a diploma of Charles the Bald in favour of Saint-Bénigne of Dijon.

877, 5th May: a diploma of Charles the Bald endowing the abbey of Notre-Dame of Carlopolis.

878, 18th August: an interpolated (perhaps forged) papal diploma of John VIII in favour of the abbey of Saint-Gilles, issued at the Synod of Troyes.

879, July 25th: a charter of Boso of Provence in favour of the abbey of Montiéramey.

879, October 15th: the records of the Convention of Mantaille, electing Boso of Provence as king.

879, November 8th: a diploma of Boso of Provence in favour of the church of Autun.

880, November 30th: a diploma of Carloman II in favour of the church of Autun.

881, June 5th: a diploma of Carloman II in favour of Saint-Gondon-sur-Loire, a cell of the community of Saint-Florent.

882, August 8th: a diploma of Carloman II in favour of Archdeacon Otbert of Langres.

882, November 4th: a diploma of Charles the Fat confirming an exchange made between Archdeacon Otbert of Langres and Guy of Spoleto.

883, January 23rd: a diploma of Carloman II in favour of the abbey of Alfa.

884, March: the last-ever Carolingian capitulary, issued by Carloman II at Ver, and targetted at thieves.

884, March 13th: a diploma of Carloman II in favour of the church of Châlons-sur-Marne.

885, May 20th: a diploma of Charles the Fat in favour of the church of Langres.

885, December 3rd: a charter of Hugh the Abbot freeing a slave and making him a Roman citizen.

886, October 27th: a diploma of Charles the Fat confirming an exchange between Saint-Aignan of Orléans and the brothers Archbishop Adalald of Tours and Bishop Raino of Angers.

887, May 18th: a charter from the synod of Saint-Marcel-lès-Chalon in favour of the church of Langres.

888: the Ordo to crown the first non-Carolingian West Frankish king, Odo.

888, June 10th: a royal diploma of King Rudolph I of Transjurane Burgundy granting the abbey of Romainmôtier to his sister Adele, duchess of ducal Burgundy.

889, June 13th: a royal diploma of King Odo confirming the lands of the abbey of Solignac.

890: a notice of an assembly at Varennes where Queen Ermengard of Provence restored the cell of Baume to the abbey of Gigny.

890, August: the record of the election at Arles of Louis the Blind as king of Provence.

891, probably: a letter from Count Aribo, on the Moravian March, to Arnulf of Carinthia reporting on frontier developments.

891, July: a grant from the Council of Meung-sur-Loire confirming the free election of abbots in the abbey of Saint-Pierre-le-Vif in Sens.

892, June 13th: a charter describing the brothers of Saint-Martin reclaiming some of their estates in front of Robert of Neustria.

893, November 9th: a charter of Abbess Ava granting the estate of Cluny to Duke William the Pious of Aquitaine.

c. 894: a letter of Archbishop Fulk of Rheims to Emperor Arnulf of Carinthia justifying his rebellion against King Odo.

894, May 1st: a synodal charter wherein Bishop Walo of Autun exonerates Prior Girfred of Flavigny of the murder of his predecessor Bishop Adalgar.

895, August 14th: a royal diploma of Zwentibald of Lotharingia granting land to the abbey of Saint-Mihiel.

896, January 22nd: a royal diploma of Zwentibald of Lotharingia granting land to Saint-Denis’ priory of Salonnes.

896, July 25th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple granting land to Saint-Denis’ priory of Salonnes.

898, February 8th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple extending the immunity of the abbey of Saint-Denis.

898, February 13th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple granting land to the abbey of Saint-Mihiel.

899, May: a letter from Pope John IX to the church of Langres confirming the reinstatement of Bishop Argrim.

899, May 11th: a letter from Pope John IX to Charles the Simple asking him to help Bishop Argrim of Langres.

900, circa: a royal charter of King Alan the Great of Brittany granting the abbey of Saint-Serge to Saint-Aubin d’Angers.

900, circa: the Erdmann Ordo, a late Carolingian king-making liturgy.

900, September 13th: a charter of Robert of Neustria restoring property to his abbey of Saint-Martin de Tours.

900, October 31st: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple confirming the property of the abbey of Saint-Évroult.

901, April 22nd: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple granting property to the abbey of Saint-Germain d’Auxerre.

902, November 11th: a royal diploma of Louis the Blind granting property to Bernard and Theobert.

903, May 14th: a charter of Count Ebalus Manzer of Poitiers restoring property to the abbey of Nouaillé.

903, June 5th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple confirming the possessions of the abbey of Saint-Denis.

903, June 24th: a royal diploma of Louis the Child confirming the privileges of the abbey of Sankt Gallen.

904, June 3rd: a charter of Bishop Argrim of Langres granting the church of Saint-Vincent to his archdeacon Rather.

905, December 17th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple granting land in Pîtres to his chancellor Ernust.

906, September 7th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple confirming an exchange of property between Robert of Neustria and his abbey of Saint-Amand.

906, September 24th: a charter of Robert of Neustria making an exchange with his abbey of Saint-Amand.

906, September 24th: a charter of the monks of Saint-Amand making an exchange with their abbot Robert of Neustria.

907, April 19th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple granting a dowry to his new wife Frederuna.

907, May 21st: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple granting the abbey of Rebais to Paris cathedral.

908, June 23rd: a notice describing how a dispute over property between the canons of Marmoutier was settled at court in Tours.

909, November 9th: a royal diploma of Louis the Child confirming the property of Chèvremont.

910, May 12th: a ducal diploma of William the Pious confirming an exchange of property between Erlebald the priest and the abbey of Saint-Julien de Brioude.

911, December 20th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple confirming the property of Cambrai cathedral.

912: a notice describing Louis the Blind’s settlement of a dispute between Hugh of Arles and the church of Valence.

913, August 13th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple granting the cathedral of Trier the right to freely elect their archbishops.

913, October 30th: a notice describing how William the Pious settled a disputed over the estate of Ainé in favour of Cluny.

914: a letter from Pope John X advising Archbishop Heriveus of Rheims how to deal with Northmen who apostatised.

915: a synodal act from the councl of Saint-Marcel-lès-Chalon settling a dispute between two priests.

915: an Early Modern summary of an act of the council of Saint-Marcel-lès-Chalon excommunicating Count Raculf [sic] of Mâcon.

916, May 2nd: a charter of Bishop Fulcher of Avignon granting land to the church of Avignon.

917, February 14th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple executing the last wishes of his late wife Frederuna in favour of Compiègne.

918, March 14th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple granting the abbey of Croix-Saint-Ouen to Saint-German-des-Prés.

918, May 18th: a charter of Richard the Justiciar restoring some land to Langres Cathedral.

919, June 13th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple restoring the abbey of Sint-Servaas in Maastricht to the church of Trier.

919, July 9th: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple restoring the abbey of Sint-Servaas in Maastricht to the church of Trier.

920: a round letter from Charles the Simple to the bishops of his realm concerning the disputed episcopal election at Liège.

921, April 22nd: a royal diploma of Charles the Simple confirming the rights of the abbey of Saint-Maur-des-Fossés.

922, circa: a charter of Countess Adelaide of Burgundy to Chalon Cathedral.

923, January 25th: a royal diploma of Robert of Neustria granting estates to the abbey of Saint-Denis.

924, April 6th: a royal diploma of Ralph of Burgundy confirming the rights of the abbey of Saint-Martin-d’Autun.

925, circa: a royal diploma of Louis the Blind in favour of his follower Bonus.

926, May 21st/29th: a notice describing how the canons of Saint-Martin reclaimed some of their estates in Poitou.

927, September 9th: a royal diploma of Ralph of Burgundy confirming the rights and property of Cluny.

927, October 11th: a charter of Acfred of Aquitaine refounding the abbey of Sauxillanges.

928: a charter of Gislebert of Lotharingia setting up a precarial exchange with Trier Cathedral.

928, November: a royal diploma of Hugh of Arles in favour of the abbey of Saint-Oyen-de-Joux.

929, June 14th: a charter of Adelaide of Burgundy granting the abbey of Romainmôtier to Cluny.

930, May 3rd: a notice of how the canons of Saint-Martin de Tours reclaimed one of their estates from Hugh the Great.

931, circa: a charter of Bishop Godeschalk of Puy and others executing the will of Duke William the Younger of Aquitaine.

931, December 13th [? if not probably 933, September 13th]: a royal diploma of Ralph of Burgundy in favour of the abbey of Tulle.

932: a round letter of Rudolph II of Transjurane Burgundy ordering the appointment of several new bishops in his kingdom.

934 [or maybe 933], March 8th: a royal diploma of Hugh of Arles in favour of the abbey of Cluny.

935, circa: the Ordo of Seven Forms, a liturgy for king making from the earlier part of the tenth century.

935, circa: a fragment of a lost history about Duke Arnulf the Bad of Bavaria.

935, circa: a letter of Abbot Alberic of Saint-Bénigne in Dijon to Pope John XI.

935, circa: a letter of Abbot Alberic of Saint-Bénigne to Alberic, patrician of Rome.

936, June 24th: a royal diploma of Hugh of Arles grating 700 manses to his nephew Hugh the Cisalpine.

936, July 21st: a royal diploma of Louis IV in favour of the cathedral of Autun.

936, August 28th: a charter of Prior Cunebert of Brioude donating his foundation at Chanteuges to that abbey.

936, September 1st : a charter of Hugh the Black in favour of the abbey of Saint-Symphorien d’Autun.

936, December 25th: a diploma of Louis IV restoring some land taken by Bishop Rothard of Meaux to the canons of Compiègne.

937, February 1st: a royal diploma of Louis IV renewing the precarial grant of Saint-Merri in Paris to one John and his family.

938, January 9th: a charter of the canons of the cathedral of Autun in favour of Enguerrand, a vassal of Count Gilbert of Chalon.

939, May: a charter of Archbishop Theotolo of Tours freeing Elias, priest of Saint-Mexme, from episcopal dues.

940, 14th Feburary: a diploma of Louis IV granting land in Porthois to Adalard and Adele at the request of Hugh the Black.

941, July 8th: a charter of Arnulf the Great, count of Flanders, confirming the restoration of the abbey of Blandijnberg in Ghent.

941, August: a notice of the settlement of a dispute between Tesmund the priest and Isembert after the failure of a trial by combat.

942, January: a charter of William Towhead, count of Poitiers, granting land to a man named Hosdren and his wife Aldesind.

942, January 5th: a diploma of Louis IV confirming the estates of the abbey of Saint-Hilaire de Poitiers.

942, January 7th: a diploma of Louis IV endorsing William III of Poitiers’ reform of the abbey of Saint-Jean-d’Angély.

958, September: a charter describing a judgement of Bishop Stephen II of Clermont.

960, circa: the so-called ‘Romano-German Pontifical”s coronation liturgy.

960, circa: the will of Count Raymond III of Toulouse.

962, circa: a genealogy of Count Arnulf the Great of Flanders written by Witger the priest.

965, October: the will of Archbishop Bruno of Cologne.

979, August 6th: a charter of Liutgard of Chartres and her friend Godeleva granting land to the abbey of Saint-Père de Chartres.

980, circa: the Ratold Ordo, an Anglo-Saxon influenced liturgy for making a king.

989, June 1st: the acts of the Council of Charroux forbidding violence against churches, the poor, and unarmed clergy.

1000, circa: the Fécamp Chronicle, a very early history of Normandy.

1001, circa: a charter of Bishop Rainald of Angers defending himself against an accusation of simony.

1002, circa: the will of Count Roger the Old of Carcassonne.

1058, May 23rd: a notice describing the coronation of King Philip I. 

1074, November 1st: the will of Bishop Hugh III of Nevers.

1096, circa: the Fragmentum historiae Andegavensis, a history of Anjou composed by Count Fulk le Réchin.

1091: a charter describing how Odo, lord of Péronne, restored land to the abbey at Compiègne.